Laurent HÉMON :
Clarinet, soprano and tenor saxophones.
He is also poly-instrumentalist. It's by intending to whistle stones
that he starts to learn the clarinet from 1968 to 1980 with the 'Academy of
Drancy'.....in the 9-3.
A chance for him, he 'tourne' well and enters then a local orchestra of
varieties or he will prevail of 1982 to 2003.
For musical reasons intern and inherent in the group, in 1990 he learns the
saxophone then the guitar.
In 2000, to supplement his panoply of instruments, he is put at the bass
guitar. Laurent is a professor of music today.
His daughters one found in him an excellent professor ; Laurène plays
violin and Clémence flute.
In the Hémon's family they are also musicians
of father as a girl...
Clarinet comes from the Latin clarus "light". It is an instrument
relatively unknown to the public.
Nevertheless, with its register of more than three octaves and its
exceptional ability to communicate the most subtle nuances of human
breath, it astounds through the beauty of its timbre and its expressive
force. Could it be that one day it will be quoted among the most
beautiful instruments of the world ?
The clarinet, of the woodwind family of instruments,
consists of 4 hollow
pieces of ebony - the upper and lower joints, a barrel and a bell - which
fit together to make up a beautiful assemblage.
A ligature holds a simple reed to the mouthpiece. Below the upper body,
an indispensable key allows access to the twelve lowest notes, thus
enlarging considerably the range of the instrument.
This improvement consequently makes it possible to exploit two octaves and
a fifth, but the scale sonorore is discontinuous. Other improvements will
also make their appearance: reduction of the diameter of borer, and
passage of a cylindrical borer to a partly conical borer which creates the
house thus. About 1750, the son of Denner adds a key which makes it
possible to play in the low register the Semi one and his twelfth
Si (3rd key); he lengthens of this fact intrument.
At the origin this key
was located at the inch of the right hand. About 1770, B Fritz places the
k ey of Semi low register at auricular of the left hand like one 4th key for
day Ground # and its twelfth D #. the 5th key, that of serious F # and C #
bugle is added about 1775 per Joseph Beer(1774-1812); the sixth by Xavier
Lefèvre, who adds the key of C # blowtorch - Ground # bugle.
addition of these various keys will allow the use of the clarinet in
orchestra in more tonalities, and will allow the chromatism up to that
point impossible, will contribute to improve the accuracy of the
instrument. Until there the musicians had several clarinets for the
various tonalities in boxes...
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